In Search of Schrodinger’s Cat – Quantum Physics and Reality

In Search of Schrodinger’s Cat was one of very few popular science books published in the early 1980s on the subject of quantum mechanics. The title of the book refers to a famous thought experiment (paradox) devised by Austrian physicist Erwin Schrodinger. The thought experiment presents a hypothetical cat that apparently can be simultaneously dead and alive (or neither dead nor alive), depending on an earlier random event, and assuming that the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics can be applied to everyday objects.

For those of us who are not physicists, the book covers, in a rather accessible manner (especially in its first half), a number of key theories, ideas, and paradoxes such as the dual nature of light, the double-slit experiment, the structure and the inner workings of atoms, Plank’s constant and its history and significance, the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics and its possible far-reaching philosophical implications, the Compton effect, the Copenhagen interpretation, etc. Often incorrectly depicted as just an experimental limitation, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle (the central idea of quantum mechanics), is explained quite nicely (and I believe correctly) in this book. The author also gives a couple of great examples of the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in physics (e.g., Dirac’s mathematical prediction of the existence of positrons, the electron’s antiparticle).

The author’s style of writing is engaging and pleasant to read. The book is filled with relevant historic references, which I personally always find useful, as they help with putting everything in a right prospective and context. Even though it is thought provoking, the second half of the book, which deals with more speculative questions related to quantum mechanics (e.g., the many-worlds theory), is less satisfactory and less focused.

I recommend this book as an easy, non-mathematical introduction to the basic concepts of quantum mechanics, arguably the most fascinating scientific theory ever formulated by human mind. To fully understand and truly appreciate quantum mechanics, however, one has to sharpen one’s mathematical pencil and dig deep into vector algebra with all its eigenvectors and eigenvalues. There are no shortcuts. Thus, my caveat lector: advanced students will almost certainly learn nothing new of importance in this book.

Tyrannosaurus Rexina and the Ethics of Creative Physics

Apparently, the fossil record is telling us that the female Tyrannosaurus Rex was much larger than the male and during mating season he had to tread very carefully. It seems the female needed to consume larger amounts of calcium to produce strong eggs, which also contributed to the extra size of her formidable weaponry. The basic design program of this killer dinosaur paid little attention to the evolution of its tiny arms, but the wishbone structure in the chest suggests that a great evolutionary plan of some sort was slowly moving toward the creation of futuristic bird life.

The evolution of humanity had a seemingly merciless blueprint guiding it toward worship of a loving merciful ethical God. However, intuition to do that eventually did occur amidst a violent claw and tooth prevailing mentality. The present path toward a loving and caring evolutionary direction has atomic weaponry signposts signalling some obsession to share our destiny with the dinosaurs. In order to avoid extinction we can re-examine the original dinosaur blueprint instructions more carefully to understand how to scientifically upgrade our destiny accordingly. The ancient Platonic tradition of Greek philosophy’s Science for Ethical Ends supplied us with the mathematics to do this.

The Greek philosophers, Thales and Pythagoras, travelled to Egypt to study mathematical political ethics from the teachings of the Mystery Schools of Maat, the mythical Goddess for mercy, compassion and justice, who prevented the universe from reverting to chaos. The Egyptian Second Kingdom’s use of sacred geometrical mathematics to incorporate mercy, compassion and justice into political law had been studied by Greek philosophers during the 5th Century BC. The Platonic tradition of Greek philosophy knew that very ancient monsters had become extinct and established a mathematical science to guide ennobling government during the 3rd Century BC, so that human civilisation would not also become extinct.

The engineer Buckminster Fuller derived his synergistic world-view from that mathematics, in contradiction to the Einsteinian world-view, which demands the complete extinction of all life in the universe. Fuller’s book entitled Utopia or Oblivion, was based upon Plato’s spiritual (holographic) sacred geometrical mathematics.

During the 5th Century BC the philosopher of science, Anaxagoras postulated his theory of creation, realising that evolution on earth lacked ethical moral purpose. He considered that an intelligent Creator, used a whirling (gravitation) force to act upon primordial particles in space to make the worlds of our universe, causing them to spin to evolve mind. This God then left our region of the universe in order to create further universes elsewhere. The three universities that followed the Platonic tradition of Greek philosophy set about to fuse ethics into Anaxagoras’ scientific model of reality and used the Egyptian mathematics for mercy, compassion and justice to construct the Western atomistic Science for Ethical Ends. The Ho Kepos university referred to it as the Science of Universal Love, its teachers were called saviours, following the Egyptian mathematical ethic to prevent the universe from reverting to chaos which was based upon love and kindness within family life.

Pythagoras introduced harmonic properties of light into this evolution of ethical consciousness concept. During the 18th and 19th Centuries, several of the philosopher scientists discovering electromagnetic field energy forces, realised that the ancient Pythagorean Music of the Spheres, was describing the existence of universal electromagnetic forces acting to evolve compassionate emotion. By using nanotechnology in the 21st Century to examine the functioning of the molecule of emotion, discovered in 1972 by Dr Candace Pert, the evolution of the endocrine fluids associated with the working of that molecule, demonstrate that the Buckminster Fuller’s ethical mathematics is indeed the basis of an evolving Creative Physics programmed so that humans might choose not to become extinct. As Charles Darwin wrote in his Ascent of Man, the emotion of compassion within humanity is so pronounced that it must have some intrinsic evolutionary purpose.

When Her Majesty Tyrannosaurus Rexina governed the world, her death carried the means to investigate that greater mathematical purpose. The wish bone within that ferocious body was not the only clue telling us that evolutionary information existed from the remains of her existence. We can now measure another part of the great monsters of old, with great mathematical precision, in order to debate mathematically about a more ethical evolutionary purpose associated emanating from the savage existence of prehistoric reality. This mathematical reality links the living process to a far greater reality than the 20th Century Einsteinian world-view could possibly have imagined.

The fatty acids of a dinosaur, which died alongside certain minerals, turned into a substance, which when exposed to cosmic radiation began to form into crystals, such as Jasper. This complex procedure recorded the mineral growth of natural fractal patterns. The geometrical properties of geometrical fractals belong to both a non living and a living process. Modern science accepts that while fractal logic can extend to infinity, the Einsteinian world-view prohibits the living process to be linked to this infinite fractal logic as it considers that eventually all life must be destroyed. On the 18th of February, 2011, Cornell University Library announced a major discovery by two Chinese scientists, Liaofu Luo and Jun Lu. They had used mathematics to explain why the protein dance of life within DNA, called a subatomic jitterbug by Buckminster Fuller, contradicted the Einsteinian world-view universal heat death law. Fuller had correctly predicted that a second life-energy system existed, to entangle itself with Einstein’s genius description of a single universal energy system, governed only by chaos.

When the ancient Greeks fused ethics into Anaxagoras’ intuitive myth of creation, in which God had departed, leaving humans free will to discover its divine purpose they transformed its mathematical structure into a dynamical mathematical logic which extended to infinity, contrary to our present general perception of reality. This ethical act of consciousness can be considered to refer to aspects of the Copenhagen definition of quantum mechanics alluded to within Vedic mathematics. The ancient Egyptians fused such mathematics into a political structure, which the ancient Greeks used to create the science for ethical ends so that humanity could avoid extinction. In contrast to this mathematical act of evolving consciousness, we know that our present day understanding of mathematics can only accelerate global chaos. The three Nobel Prizes awarded for mathematical economic logic in 1994 helped to bring about the present global economic collapse. We have enough mathematical data at our disposal to construct the Fullerene Utopia.

An online compilation of the briefing papers for the U.S. Senate Environment and Pubic Works Commitee during 2000, is entitled Outside-the-Box Technologies, Their Critical Role Concerning Environmental Trends, and the Unnecessary Energy Crisis. Among the points raised is that a mathematics for new technologies, beyond the accelerating chaos of the Einsteinian world-view, must be used to develop new technologies to replace American dependence upon the fossil fuel economy. In 2000 an accurate prediction was made in that in eight years the collapse of the American economic system would begin to bring on a global economic disaster.

Under such conditions. the paper considered that other countries, under such economic stress, will attempt to develop or ally themselves with those who have weapons of mass destruction, in order to avoid the collapse of their various individual regimes. Under those conditions, once one is used, or a threat is perceived that they will be used, then existing defence policies will be put into effect, ensuring the end of civilisation. That is also Buckminster Fuller’s mathematically arrived at state entropic oblivion, derived from the Greek definition of evil as being the property of unformed matter within the atom.

In their online paper entitled Mathematics and Peace: Our Responsibilities, the authors Ubiratan D’Ambbrosio and Sao Paulo address the responsibilities of social peace, environmental peace and military peace, by linking mathematics to the functioning of human behaviour and a mathematical definition of relevant global ethics. The same theme is the basis of the book entitled The 21st Century Renaissance, being published by the Science-Art Research Centre of Australia in liaison with Florence University’s quantum biological New Measurement of Humanity Project. In 2010 the two Italian Director’s of this New Renaissance Project were awarded the Giorgio Napolitano Medal on behalf of the Republic of Italy for their quantum biological discoveries concerning the self organising functioning of universal energies as the basis of quantum biology.

Behaving like a Tyrannosaurus Rex in heat may excite young men learning how to implement computer games of mass destruction but it was not a manly thing of the past. Our educational system must quickly bridge the gap between modern science and the ethics of the Classical Greek Humanities. As the molecular biologist Sir C P Snow warned in his Rede Lecture at Cambridge University in 1959, if we maintain our obsession with the law of Chaos, which Einstein considered to be the premier law of all of the sciences, the civilisation will be destroyed.

© Professor Robert Pope,

Advisor to the President Oceania and Australasia of the Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics (IFM) Einstein-Galilei

Newton’s Third Law and The Secret Physics of Drumming

Dating back to 4000 BC in Egypt, drums are the oldest known instrument in the world. Not only have people been using drums for a long time, but Macaque monkeys also use drumming to show dominance and communicate. Drums have been used all over the world as a means of communication or a way to create music. People who play the drums heavily rely on the physics behind them, but many people never truly realize how much newton’s third law takes place in their activity. When a person plays drums, to simply put it, they are just hitting drums in different ways at different times. The main thing they are doing is bouncing a stick, a hand, a mallet or something similar off of a drum. Without being able to bounce something off the drum, drumming would be drastically different, or even non-existent in this day and age.

Both the sticks, mallets, hands, etc., and the makeup of the drum itself have major roles in the physics of drumming. For example, without Newton’s Third Law, the drumstick would never bounce off the drum, leaving drums having a dull and bland smacking noise. Newton’s Third Law states that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. The action would be the sticks hitting the drum, and the equal and opposite reaction are the sticks bouncing off the drum. As the sticks push against the drumhead, the drumhead also pushes against the sticks with an equal and opposite force, leaving the drum resonating with sound and the sticks back up in the air. This is possible because of the tension in the circular membrane of the drumhead. The tension makes it easier for the sticks to apply more force to the drumhead and make a louder sound while being pushed back up to hit again. Different drums also have different ways they need to be hit. For example, the snare drum needs to be hit in the center, whereas the timpani drum needs to be hit near the sides.

The ideal circular membrane has a fundamental frequency of ƒ1=0.765((√ T/σ)/D), where ƒ = frequency, T = membrane tension, σ = mass per unit, and D = the diameter of membrane. With this ideal frequency, it is easiest and most efficient to hit the drumstick off of the drum. Leading back to Newton’s Third Law, when it is most efficient to hit the drumstick off of the drumhead the forces of the sticks and the drum are completely equal and the drum leaves a resonating sound as the stick goes back up the be used to hit the drum again.